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  • 张朝能,邱飞,宁平,袁园,刘慧.机动车尾气扩散模型研究进展[J].环境工程学报,2016,10(2):517-523.DOI:10.12030/j.cjee.20160202    [点击复制]
  • Zhang Chaoneng,Qiu Fei,Ning Ping,Yuan Yuan,Liu Hui.Research progress of vehicle exhaust diffusion model[J].,2016,10(2):517-523.DOI:10.12030/j.cjee.20160202   [点击复制]
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机动车尾气扩散模型研究进展
张朝能, 邱飞, 宁平, 袁园, 刘慧
0
(昆明理工大学环境科学与工程学院, 昆明 650500)
摘要:
机动车尾气扩散模型作为一种重要的工具被用于评估城市空气质量、为污染控制战略以及交通规划决策制定提供支持。对国内外机动车尾气扩散模式进行了回顾,结合各种模式的特征,将其分为综合扩散模式、开阔道路线源扩散模式、交叉口道路扩散模式以及街道峡谷扩散模式,分别对模式的优缺点以及其适用性进行了分析,针对我国道路交通特征,提出了模型本土化所需解决的问题和未来的研究趋势。
关键词:  机动车尾气  综合扩散模式  线源扩散模式  交叉口扩散模式  街道峡谷扩散模式  本土化
DOI:10.12030/j.cjee.20160202
投稿时间:2014-12-22修订日期:2015-04-21
基金项目:云南省社会发展科技计划重点项目(2012CA016)
Research progress of vehicle exhaust diffusion model
Zhang Chaoneng, Qiu Fei, Ning Ping, Yuan Yuan, Liu Hui
(Faculty of Environment Science and Engineering, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650500, China)
Abstract:
Vehicle exhaust diffusion model plays an important role in urban air quality evaluation and policy-making for pollution control and transport planning. This paper presents a review of domestic and international vehicle exhaust diffusion models based on their characteristics, including comprehensive diffusion models, open road line source diffusion models, intersection diffusion models, and street canyon diffusion models. The advantages, disadvantages, and application scope of each model are also introduced. Meanwhile, the localization and developing tendency of the vehicle exhaust diffusion models based on the traffic characteristics in China are discussed.
Key words:  vehicle exhaust  comprehensive diffusion model  line source diffusion model  intersection diffusion model  street canyon diffusion model  localization